The Crystal Sea

Modern cosmology is obviously very different from ancient cosmology, as the ancients were not scientists. We know the earth is a spherical-shaped planet rotating in place while revolving around the sun. But for ancient-minded people, their conception of the earth was very different. In their minds, the earth was flat with a crystal snow-globe-like ceiling…

The Seven Star-Angels of Revelation

When John gets a prophetic glimpse of Jesus, He’s seen holding seven stars in his hand, which John tells us are seven angels. This is actually a pretty easy connection to follow in ancient culture. While it sounds weird to us because we know more of the science behind stars, ancient cultures often understood stars…

The Literary Form of Revelation

Revelation is a very, very, very, very, very dense piece of literature—and that’s an understatement. It is a theological and literary masterpiece and is written primarily in three genres. That being said, if you’re not reading it in its literary style or if you miss a transition from one genre to another, you will struggle…

The Non-Violence of Revelation

If you’re like me then you didn’t open up Revelation much growing up because you didn’t know what to make of all the violence. Jesus showed us His loving character by dying on behalf of others and exercising extreme forgiveness, but at first glance He appears quite the opposite in Revelation. What do we do…

Revelation’s Babylon

When we read Revelation we naturally think that John was talking about the oppressive Babylonian Empire when he references Babylon—but John’s audience knew he was talking about the oppressive Rome. They knew this because, for one, the Babylonian Empire had crumbled some 500 years earlier and, for two, John described the Lady Babylon with characteristics…