Incorrectly Correct Bible Study

Sometimes it even seems possible for the Holy Spirit to teach us things in the Bible that are spiritually correct while completely taken out of context. Take for example how many Christians were infected with the Jeremiah 29:11 bug in the early 2000’s. “For I know the plans I have for you, declares the Lord, plans for welfare and not for evil, to give you a future and a hope.” (Jer 29:11)

It was strange. It was as if all Christians had just discovered a Bible verse they had never heard of before, even though it was just sitting there, staring us in the face the whole time. Pastors and congregants alike immediately latched onto it and it became the new John 3:16. 

I was deeply moved by the verse in many awful conceited ways as a teenager. Everyone was talking about it so much that it went right to my head and I began to think that I was something special—like, really special. God had plans for me. Plans to prosper me. I even began to believe in this idea that God would protect me from car wrecks and bad health until I fulfilled His great grand purpose with my life. I was invincible because I was crucial to His plan.

I eventually caught on to how I had perverted this verse and my college education made me even more aware. While studying for ministry you have to write what are known as “exegetical papers.” The purpose of these papers is to give a critical interpretation of a Bible passage. You have to take that passage and scrutinize every last detail so that when you’re done looking at it, you understand what it’s communicating in fullness. Why did Jesus use that specific word and what did that specific word mean in the Greek language He originally said it in? Was the phrase Jesus used found anywhere else in the Bible? If so, was it an intentional allusion to another passage? And if it was, what is the symbolism He was trying to get us to think about? These kinds of questions can go on for hours.

I didn’t really enjoy writing these papers at first, because I didn’t understand the significance. But once I saw how badly passages could be misconstrued in meaning and even twisted for personal gain, I started to enjoy the exegetical process and realized how essential this work would be for the rest of my time in ministry.

Eventually, Jeremiah’s words were exegetically tamed in me. Within context, Jeremiah was not speaking to me, but to those who were exiled from their home in Jerusalem and taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar. And that stuff about God wanting to prosper me and take care of my welfare? In context, God was telling Israel to make the city of their captors prosper and to pray for them. If they did that, then they would prosper from the city’s prospering (Jer 29:7). From a critical standpoint, I was now aware that I had sucked a prophetic word out of the middle of a prophetic word and applied it to a time, place, and person that it didn’t belong.

But this is where things get really tricky. Is this word exegetically correct for us? No. But is it possible God had illuminated it in a new way for our generation to catch onto it? As much as I want to say we’ve completely abused it, I can’t fully agree. The problem is with how the New Testament uses the Old Testament. We have to be honest: The early Christians were not exegetes. At times they seem to have little concern whatsoever in using the Old Testament exegetically.

So then what do we do with this? Can people just do whatever they want with the Bible? Bible scholar and theologian Peter Enns addresses this question in his book, Inspiration and Incarnation. While admitting that he “would feel extremely uncomfortable to see our pastors, exegetes, or Bible study leaders change, omit or add words and phrases to make their point, even though this is what [New Testament] authors do,” he still can’t say it’s entirely unacceptable either. He wonders,

What if their [the New Testament author’s] biblical interpretation was not guided so much as method but by an intuitive, Spirit-led engagement of Scripture, with the anchor being not what the Old Testament author intended, but how Christ gives the Old Testament its final coherence? We may think that properly employing the right methods will yield the proper results. But perhaps, like the New Testament authors, we should think of the goal first and recognize that methods exist to serve that goal.

What drives apostolic hermeneutics is not adherence to a method. Rather the coming of Christ is so climatic that it required the New Testament writers to look at the Old Testament in a whole new light. (Enns, Peter. Inspiration and Incarnation: Evangelicals and the Problem of the Old Testament. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Baker Academic, 2015. Audiobook, 7:50:00.)

So in the end, perhaps God wanted Jeremiah 29:11 to catch the attention of our generation (though not to the extent that I did as a young teenager). While the prophetic word had a completely different context in its time, we do know that God loves us and takes care of us, and in that light Jeremiah 29:11 is a heartfelt word from a loving Father (though like all passages, its fullness is found when it is submitted to Jesus and the cross). So unless the whole world was using the same megachurch curriculum that year, maybe God did want us to catch onto this verse.

Sometimes the Spirit just takes off with a passage. I can note a few times where people have told me about a passage making a difference in their life where they sound spiritually correct but exegetically wrong. But how am I to say that God is not in that? Who am I to say that God cannot use His inspired word in ways I’m uncomfortable with? If their interpretation of a verse goes against Jesus’ ultimate revelation and what we know of God, I must enter the conversation. But if not, I try to remain open to the Spirit and what He’s doing in their lives. 

Want to continue the conversation? Take the long journey with my book/audiobook, The Rush and the Restor take a shorter path with my condensed version, Fantasy IRL.

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